Who Reads What?
Readers and Genres of Fiction in Goodreads
Readers Mapped by Network
- Visualizations from Mining Goodreads: Literary Reception Studies at Scale
- Sponsors: Price Lab for Digital Humanities, Humanities and Human Flourishing Project, and Penn Libraries
- Principal Investigator: James F. English
- Principal Developers: Scott Enderle and Rahul Dhakecha
This Bokeh visualization is based on a different use of t-SNE than our basic map of readers and genre preferences. Here, the difference between two readers’ tastes is calculated according to the specific books they have read rather than according to the genres of the books. In fact, our genre categories are left out of the algorithm entirely. To calculate distance, the code here treats all the books and all the users as part of a bimodal network – that is, a network with two kinds of nodes that only connect to nodes of the other type. (So in this network, a reader can only directly connect to books, and a book can only directly connect to readers.) The code then uses this network to run a simulation. It begins by “talking” to a random user and asking for a recommendation. The user randomly picks one of the books they’ve reviewed, and the algorithm talks to other random users until it finds one who has also reviewed that book. It asks that user for a new recommendation and repeats the process… ad infinitum. The probability of going from a given user to another in this scenario gives the distance between them. (More precisely, the distance is calculated as
-log(p) for a given transition probability
To make things work nicely, we suppose that all the users have reviewed one astonishingly popular book that we don’t know anything about. This ensures all users are at least slightly connected in the network. You might say that this imaginary book is goodreads.com. Scott Enderle, who wrote the code for this t-SNE projection, has called this a map of “browsing distances,” and has written a post describing the idea in more detail.
In this visualization readers appear somewhat less segregated by primary genre preference. Based on exploration of specific user cases, we believe this is mainly because books that Goodreads users have tended to place on different genre shelves are often more similar to each other than to many of the books with which they share a common shelf. Some “fantasy” novels, for example, are difficult to distinguish from science fiction, while others are difficult to distinguish from romance. A reader whose primary genre is fantasy might therefore be visualized as a blue point very close to many green points (fantasy romance), while another fantasy reader appears as a blue point surrounded by black (science fiction fantasy).
To make it easier to compare this map to the Genre-Mix map, the slider below allows you to move between the two visualizations, showing how they reposition individual readers. The readers whose neighborhoods change most as they move are marked with squares, and the readers whose neighborhoods change least are marked with triangles. You can see the Network map by moving the slider all the way to the right. Regions in the middle of the slider represent mixtures of the two maps.